From Job to Jesus - Job 30:9-23
This is a sermon by Melvin Tinker from the morning service on 25th March 2018.
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From Job to Jesus
- A moving moment - Job and the need of a mediator.
Such a mediator exists and his name is Jesus: 1Timothy 2:5.
Because of the incarnation of the Son of God we ‘know why we can trust the God who knows why’ and answer the questions, ‘How are we to think and speak of God when we suffer?’ We are to think of God as the one who has suffered. ‘….the ways in which the book of Job portrays and interprets suffering in God’s economy anticipate and pre-figure the Lord Jesus.’
- A type of one to come.
In the life and death of Jesus we have a God who ‘is the victim and hero.’ (Dorothy L. Sayers)
Job is repeatedly referred to by God as ‘my servant. Jesus is God’s Son and Servant, foreseen by Isaiah 52-53. There are three different perspectives of the Lord’s Servant pre-figured by Job.
- A ‘friends’ perspective
He is seen by some as a figure of pitiful contempt: cf. Job 2:12, Is. 52:14 and 53:3b. ‘Why is this man suffering?’ 53:4b – God’s retribution. The same answer as Job’s 3 friends. Yet, like Job he was innocent, v9. He too is a figure of tragedy v7.
- God’s assessment
This is the Servant as God sees him, 52:13f. Where the world sees ignominy and humiliation, God sees wisdom and achievement. As it was God’s will that Job be afflicted, so his Servant in 53:10.
One of the deep cries of Job was for justice to be done and seen to be done. That is what the prophet perceives as happening in the events surrounding the Servant of the Lord - a ‘guilt offering.’
- A believer’s view
This corresponds to the readers of the Book of Job. The reader knows of Job’s innocence as declared by God. The onlooker knows that God is acting purposefully, deepening Job’s knowledge of himself and transforming Job. Similarly at the heart of this song we see that God’s purpose in the suffering of his Servant is to bring about true knowledge of God and a lasting transformation - not of the Servant, but those who would believe on the Servant: 53:4-6.
As well as transformation, there is also restoration, 53:10b-12
- Room for rewards
There is an strand of biblical teaching which speaks of rewarding faithfulness as a means of encouraging perseverance, Hebrews 12:1-3.
Job’s ‘rewards’ were ‘external’ to his suffering whereas the rewards of the Servant are ‘internally related’ to his suffering in that they are a consequence of them - the justification of many who are the offspring of his sacrificial death - Rev.21:3-4.
- Our suffering brother
Job has been described as ‘the world’s classic sufferer and the one in whom all sufferers know that they have at least one brother who understands their pain.’ In the light of the coming of Christ, we can go further and say in Jesus we have a God who understands our pain. Jesus is trustworthy.
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