Cosmos or chaos? - Job 9
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Many of you will be familiar with C.S. Lewis’s allegory, ‘The Lion the Witch and the Wardrobe.’ When the Pevensie children enter the magical land of Narnia, they meet Mr and Mrs Beaver, who describe to them the mighty lion, Aslan, the Christ like figure. And this is how the conversation goes:
“Is he a man?” asked Lucy.
“Aslan a man!” said Mr Beaver sternly. “Certainly not. I tell you he is King of the wood and the son of the great emperor-beyond-the-sea. Don’t you know who is the King of the Beasts? Aslan is a lion – the Lion, the great lion.”
“Ooh!” said Susan, “I’d thought he was a man. Is he – quite safe? I shall feel rather nervous about meeting a lion.”
“That you will, dearie, and no mistake” said Mrs Beaver; “if there’s anyone who can appear before Aslan without their knees knocking, they’re either braver than most or else just silly.”
“Then he isn’t safe?” said Lucy.
“Safe?” said Mr Beaver; “don’t you hear what Mrs Beaver tells you? Who said anything about safe? ‘Course he isn’t safe. But he’s good. He’s the King, I tell you.”
In many ways that telling phrase takes us right to the heart of Job chapter 9. The ‘safe’ God of the opening paragraphs of the book and the ‘safe’ God of some of Job’s counsellors who is so tame and predictable, and no bigger than their puny ideas about him, has receded into the distance. There is no question in Job’s mind that he is ‘King’ as we shall see, the one who is able to unleash the most awesome power and perform the most astounding miracles- but is he ‘good’? That is the question found lingering on Job’s lips. The avalanche of events which have fallen on this innocent man would seem to place a great question mark against such an assertion. To pronounce, ‘I believe in the greatness of God’ is much easier than to declare ‘I believe in the goodness of God.’ From Job’s perspective it is the LORD who in his sovereignty has given and who has taken away. But why? What possible reason could there be to lose the security of an income, the love of a family and the blessings of a good health? What could possibly justify the denigration of a man like Job as he moves from the status of an Arabian prince to a penniless pauper, sitting amongst the scavenging rats on the local dung hill (2:8)?
It has been suggested that one of the main questions which lies at the heart of the book; the problem which demands a resolution- is found right there in verse 24 of chapter 9, the rather ambiguous question: ‘If it is not he (God), then who is it?’ As Job surveys not only the desolation in his own life, but some of the chaos which erupts in the natural order as well as the upheavals in society Job, he asks this penetrating question which reveals the inner tension he is feeling, whilst at the same time reaching out towards a possible answer. Job has two pillars of belief which uphold the edifice of his faith. First, that God is sovereign so nothing can thwart him or surprise him, and so he rightly asks, ‘If it is not he’, who is in some way behind such things, then who else can it be? But this brings into question the other pillar of his belief that God is righteous, for how can a good God have a hand in such things? And in Job’s mind it is difficult to see how the two can be reconciled, hence 2:10, ‘Both good and bad come from God’. Yes, but how?
Job wants to affirm the sovereignty of God but finding it difficult to do that with attributing unrighteousness to him. So we have the other aspect of the ambiguous cry, ‘If it is not he, then who is it?’ Perhaps now Job is vaguely entertaining the possibility that there is some other force or personality at work in the world, another ‘who’, one who is wicked. Not a second god, for there is only one God. So could it be that somehow God maintains both his sovereignty and goodness by allowing such a being to act whilst still achieving his righteous purposes, using this being as a kind of instrument? In some cases an instrument in judging a wayward world. But perhaps sometimes he becomes an instrument not so much to punish the wicked but to test the faithful, becoming more like a fire to refine faith. We as the readers know from the first two chapters that such a creature does exist, he is called the Satan- but although Job may be groping towards this idea, he doesn’t quite grasp it, and so he continues to feel the inner anguish of wanting to hold on to the goodness of God in the face of suffering and evil.
In some ways this is a different Job to the one we saw in chapter 3. There he was he was in a pit he couldn’t climb out of. But now, to change the metaphor, Job is off the canvas and is ready to fight back, ready to hit back at his friends and indeed wrestle with God.
This is an important point for us to grasp.
Christians are not fatalists. They do not sit back, fold their arms and whatever comes their way simply mutter ‘Ah, it is simply the will of God.’ Neither do they buy in to the theology of Doris Day, (for those here who are old enough to remember)- ‘Que Sera , Sera’ ‘Whatever will be, will be.’ No, Job has a razor sharp mind, a moral man with a deep sense of right and wrong, made in God’s image who can and will ask pertinent questions; thinking through the issues so that he can come to some understanding of what is going on. He will push the question: If God is so good, why are things so bad?’ And that is what God expects us to do, to use our minds within the limits of his revelation.
And so here in chapter 9 Job responds to Bildad. In chapter 8, Bildad has been arguing that God is always good and fair -v3: Does God pervert justice? Does the Almighty pervert what is right?’ Expecting the rhetorical answer ‘no.’ then, v20 "Surely God does not reject a blameless man or strengthen the hands of evildoers.’ Job doesn’t deny that-take a look at 9:2a. "Indeed, I know that this is true.’ This is precisely part of the problem, if God does not pervert justice, why is it that he is allowing injustice to be worked out in Job’s life? If God does not reject a blameless man, why does he appear to be rejecting this blameless man and especially his desire to be acquitted by God against all the slanderous accusations of his so called friends? Job is passionate to have access to the great Judge who is just so that he can be declared to be in the right.
But it seems that the possibility of him being cleared in the heavenly court is not possible: 9:2-3: "But how can a mortal be righteous before God? Though one wished to dispute with him, he could not answer him one time out of a thousand.’ Then again in v 14 "How then can I dispute with him? How can I find words to argue with him? Though I were innocent, I could not answer him; I could only plead with my Judge for mercy.’
In other words, he wants an audience with God, but how? And even if he did he is scared stiff of the reception he might get. And maybe you feel like that too. There are all sorts of questions you want to voice to God but you think that somehow God will disapprove of you if you do and come down on you like some insecure head teacher for being impertinent? If so, then let me encourage you to take a leaf out of Job’s book and ask the questions.
There are three areas of life which Job looks at and asks: ‘What is a good God doing? If it is not he, who is doing this, then who is it?’
First, there is the area of nature. Here we are given a glimpse into the greatness of Job’s view of God reflected in his overawed response to the glory of the universe. The point being: if a cosmos such is this is so great, then how much more the one who made it? And so Job employs the language of worship: look at vv 5-10. ‘He moves mountains without their knowing it and overturns them in his anger. He shakes the earth from its place and makes its pillars tremble. He speaks to the sun and it does not shine; he seals off the light of the stars. He alone stretches out the heavens and treads on the waves of the sea. He is the Maker of the Bear and Orion, the Pleiades and the constellations of the south. He performs wonders that cannot be fathomed, miracles that cannot be counted.’
This is no puny God Job worships. His litany of praise is not the soundbite of some of our choruses; it is the majestic language of the angels looking on in breathless wonder as God the great Artist sweeps his brush across the heavens to produce the galaxies, whose voice thunders and the mountains tremble. And so it stands to reason that such a God would not be trivial in his dealings with the things he has made, he is a God who takes his creation and his creatures seriously, so there must be some reason for all the trouble that is happening in the world, but what might that be?
Here we see through the eyes of Job that we live in a universe which has all the hallmarks of a cosmos- the well designed, intricate purposeful motions of planets, not the haphazard meanderings of rocks thrown up by Chance. And when you think about it, it is the fact that we know we live in a world predominantly of order which causes us to believe that there is a God we can question when we do come across the disorder. If the universe is ultimately at bottom random and meaningless people would not be asking the question: Why suffering? It would make no more sense to ask that question than to ask, ‘Why dry rot? It just is.
Think of it like this: Suppose you want to lay a square patio of crazy paving in your garden; and so you order a load of broken flagstones. Then you start the tricky business of piecing them together. You will not be surprised in the least to find that when you have finished you are left with a few pieces that can’t be placed anywhere. You are not surprised because you never thought that random, broken pieces were designed to fill up your square. You are not going to ring up your supplier and complain that he didn’t send the right types of flagstones for your patio are you?
But suppose you buy a jigsaw puzzle from a shop. You fit it all together carefully and thoughtfully, but at the end you are left with a gap together with some extra pieces left over. Now you do have a right to be offended and ring up to complain. Why? Because underlying your complaint is the belief (rightly so) that there is an intention, purpose and design behind the jigsaw puzzle, that is what makes a jig saw different from crazy paving.
So it is with suffering. Suffering, we feel, doesn’t quite sit easily with our intuition that by and large this is a world of order and design. There would be no cause for complaint if underneath it all we didn’t believe that the world was consciously designed by a good God, like a person designs a good jig saw puzzle. So, strange though it may seem, the fact that we feel we have a right to complain is evidence that we really believe there is a God to complain to, that our world is more like a well-designed jigsaw puzzle with some pieces missing rather than a pile of crazy paving we are expected to put together somehow. Do you see?
So, like us, Job recognises that natural disasters occur, such as earthquakes v6. -but God is still the one in control. So just maybe something has happened which has caused some of the pieces of the jig saw to become dislodged. And the Bible tells us what that something is- human sin. When the first man rebelled the whole of creation was thrown out of joint. Sin has a dislocating effect and we all get caught up in it. But it is not in terms of a simple one to one correspondence of cause and effect, this person sins and so this person suffers, which is what Job and his friends thought. No, it is more complicated and messier than that and innocent people suffer too, not least because there is another force at work. We shall be coming back to this in a few weeks’ time, but the presence of evil in the world which is responsible for so much heartache, is represented here by the use of symbol -the sea monster Rahab. But note God is still the one who triumphs: ‘even the cohorts of Rahab cowered at his feet.’ So evil will not have the last say- God will.
The second area of concern for Job is society. This comes out especially in v 22-23. ‘It is all the same; that is why I say, `He destroys both the blameless and the wicked.' When a scourge brings sudden death, he mocks the despair of the innocent. When the land falls into the hands of the wicked he blindfolds its judges.’ At least that is what it seems like- wicked people seem to get away with it.
Will you notice what an amazing man Job is. Even in the midst of all his problems he never becomes self- centred, as if it is all ‘Why me, me, me?’ He still has what we would today call a social conscience. He cares about others in society who seems to be denied justice. One of the reasons why God gave his law to his people Israel was so that order should reign in society as much as the solar system. This sense of wholeness, harmony and well-being is described by the Bible writers as shalom. To receive God’s shalom was to receive the highest blessing of all- that is what Job had before his world fell apart. So if in some way there are forces of evil at work in the cosmos, then we should expect such forces to be at work in society. Indeed, going back again to Genesis 3, the shalom of the garden- became disrupted when the lies of the serpent were listened to and it was suggested back then that God was not good. And we have been following suit ever since and reaping the consequences.
But the fact is justice is not always seen to be done in this world which is the anguish of v22. ‘It is all the same; that is why I say, ‘He destroys both the blameless and the wicked.’ And if justice is not done, then how can God be said to be just? Does it mean that evil men suffer the same fate as good men-both ending up in the grave -full stop? But if God is righteous, which Job still wants to believe, and that he is all powerful, which he cannot deny, then might the fact that justice is denied in this life suggest the possibility that justice will be carried out in a future life? Then God’s justice and goodness would remain intact.
The Christian sociologist, Peter Berger observes how in the debate over the architect of Hitler’s Jewish extermination programme, Adolf Eichmann, there was a general feeling that, ‘hanging was not enough.’ He points out that in the case of some human deeds no human punishment will ever be enough. In other words, there are deeds that demand not only human condemnation but divine damnation. That is pretty well Job’s sentiment too and I wouldn’t surprise if it weren’t yours either. In fact later on in chapter 19 Job, however dimly, glimpses the possibility that this will be so; justice will be done and seen to be done and he will be there when it happens: 19: 25-27 ‘I know that my Redeemer lives, and that in the end he will stand upon the earth.(lit dust) And after my skin has been destroyed, yet in my flesh I will see God; I myself will see him with my own eyes--I, and not another.’
Of course Job has no developed idea of a resurrection, that comes in the New Testament, but the instinct is right. As you look at society with all its abuses, with all its corruption and appalling evil, do you not long for one day when it will not only be removed but deservingly punished? This is not a thirst for vengeance but for justice.
But then there is the chaos in Job’s personal life. This comes out especially in the last three verses (33-35). ‘If only there were someone to arbitrate between us, to lay his hand upon us both, someone to remove God's rod from me, so that his terror would frighten me no more. Then I would speak up without fear of him, but as it now stands with me, I cannot.’ Like Susan in Narnia who is terrified at the prospect of meeting Aslan and yet desperate to see him, so it is with Job and God.
Knowing that in the divine courts he doesn’t stand a chance, he longs for someone who could arbitrate for him, some kind of go-between, a mediator who will act on his behalf –v 33 ‘If only there were someone to arbitrate between us.’ But here is the problem: who can approach God but God? Who can understand a man but a man? Is there anyone in the heavenly court who will speak for him? In short, is there an advocate?
And maybe you are here this morning and that is the longing of your heart. There is someone in your family who is causing your heart to ache. There are pressures on your mind which you long to unload. If only you could somehow reach out to God and speak to him knowing he will hear you and, perhaps more importantly, understand you-because no one else does. But the gap seems too great and God seems too remote. If only there was someone who could reach down and put the hand of God into your hand and yours into his, someone who knows from the inside the anguish of a man like Job, who has been to the ash heap and triumphed and whose heart is tender towards us. Well, the Gospel which Job anticipated and glimpsed from afar has come right into our midst-for there is someone like that and his name is Jesus. How does the apostle John put it in his first letter? ‘We have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous and he is an atoning sacrifice for our sin.’ The go- between is there, one mediator, one Lord, the God- man Jesus and in our deepest despair, when our hearts condemn us and our friends misunderstand us, he is the one who gently says, ‘Come to me. I will hear you. I understand you because I have been there too and triumphed.’
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